Triglav National Park, in the Julian Alps of north-western Slovenia, was named after the highest mountain in Slovenia, Mt. Triglav, which rises to an elevation of 2864 metres. This dynamic mountain karst terrain features picturesque mountain peaks and valleys as well as numerous natural and cultural attractions and is ideal for activities in nature and for spending your leisure time actively.
Protected Slovenian area
The Triglav National Park (TNP) covers an area of 838 square kilometres along the borders with Italy and Austria, and comprises four percent of the total area of Slovenia. It almost entirely coincides with the Eastern Julian Alps. It is the largest protected area in the country, and has a special nature conservation regime in place that is stricter than those enforced in other nature parks in Slovenia.
The area is among the oldest of European parks. It was first protected in 1924, when the Alpine Conservation Park was established. It was officially renamed Triglav National Park in 1961, but at this time it only encompassed the immediate vicinity of Mt. Triglav and the Valley of the Triglav Lakes. Its current area has been protected since 1981.
Picturesque mountains rising above 2000 metres
Most of the mountains in the group of 400 Slovenian peaks that rise higher than 2000 metres are in the area of Triglav National Park. In addition to Mt. Triglav, which can be seen from almost all parts of the country, provided that the weather is clear, some of the other mighty peaks are Mt. Mangart, Mt. Jalovec, Mt. Prisojnik, and Mt. Špik.
The Park belongs to mountain karst areas. No less than two thirds of its area is covered by forests. Beech is predominant on south-facing slopes, while spruce and larch are the most common species on north-facing slopes. The relief is very dynamic: sharp peaks, steep rock faces, and deep glacial valleys.
Attractions and activities
The mountains in the Triglav National Park have a network of well-marked and, if necessary, suitably secured trails. Hiking is an activity carried out by many people in the summer months, and many experienced mountain climbers reach the summits of the Julian Alps in the winter as well. There are also numerous mountain huts and cabins along the way.
A major feature of the Park is the largest glacial lake in Slovenia –Lake Bohinj. In the summer, many water sports are popular, and in the winter, when it freezes, multitudes flock to go skiing at the Vogel Ski Resort or to enjoy ski touring.
The Park is also known for many other lakes, such as Lake Krn. There are also many waterfalls, notable examples being the beautiful Savica Waterfall and the Peričnik Waterfall. One of the most visited tourist attractions is the stunning gorge of the River Radovna called the Bled Vintgar.
The lowest and the southern-most entry point to the Triglav National Park (at an elevation of 180 m) are the picturesque and wild Tolmin Gorges.
Cool air of mountain valleys
It is especially pleasant to visit the Triglav National Park in the summer, when temperatures in other parts of the country reach 30˚C. At the Park, the average temperatures of the warmest month range from 20°C in the valley to 5.6°C in the mountains, and the average temperatures of the coldest month range from 0.7°C to -8.8°C. Average precipitation is over 1500 mm. There are from 120 to 146 days with precipitation annually.
How to reach the Park
The Triglav National Park is the symbol of Alpine Slovenia, but it also has certain elements of Mediterranean Slovenia. Info points, which are also the best starting point for learning about the Park, are located at Lake Bled and Lake Bohinj, and in Trenta Valley, near Bovec and the Soča Valley.
Tour attractions and special local sights
A rich history, interesting landscape, and friendly people are only some of the reasons for you to learn about the green and active Slovenia.