Idrija and its mercury heritage
Idria and the Spanish town of Almaden are the keepers of the globally important mercury mining heritage. Anthony’s Underground Mining Tunnel, dating from 1500, is known as one of the oldest mine entrances in all of Europe. It is open for tours during which you can learn about old mining methods. What is more, there is also a mine dwarf waiting to surprise you. Numerous attractions in Idrija are connected with the mining heritage and the life of the former mining families: from the surprising technical heritage maintained by the museum at Gewerkenegg Castle to the tradition of original lace making.
The Ljubljana pile-dwellers and the oldest wheel in the world
Slovenia is one of the countries safekeeping the protected world heritage of the prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps. Nine pile dwellings were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, and the most important findings is a 5200-year-old wheel, which is considered to be the oldest wooden wheel with an axle in the world! Findings related to the pile-dwelling culture are on display in various museums, and the Ljubljana Marshes is a landscape park, where you can explore the natural features of the marshy area near Ljubljana.
About 100 species of birds nest in the Ljubljana Marshes. They also include numerous endangered and rare species. Most of them can be observed at the Iški Morost reserve, where there is also an educational trail.
Other treasures of Slovenia to be included in the World Heritage
The five UNESCO world heritage items make Slovenia one of the richest guardians of the treasures of humanity in relation to its population. There are even more exceptional items from Slovenia on the Tentative List, on which items under consideration for World Heritage status are listed.
Franja Partisan Hospital
The Franja Partisan Hospital operated during World War II in a hidden gorge of a wild stream with difficult access. In its barracks, nearly 600 wounded soldiers were treated in a year and a half. This incredible symbol of humanity and unique example of the medical treatment of people under exceptional circumstances has been a worthy aspect of European heritage for a long time, and its entry into the UNESCO list is now pending. An arranged path through a picturesque gorge now takes visitors to the hospital, which has been fitted out for historical accuracy.
The architectural legacy of Jože Plečnik and his original approach to buildings and urban planning includes the most beautiful features of Ljubljana. This legacy is on the UNESCO Tentative List together with selected works that he designed in Prague. Plečnik’s unique architecture can be seen if you take a stroll through the capital of Slovenia. Discover Plečnik’s Ljubljana – from the marketplace to the library, from the Three Bridges to the church in the Ljubljana Marshes.
Walk of peace
The valley of the River Soča (Isonzo) was the scene of numerous battles during the First World War. Today it provides an idyllic picture of mountain backdrops offering abundant scope for active leisure pursuits. The Walk of Peace, which runs from the Alps to the Adriatic, is both a commemoration and a reminder of times of war and also a way of getting to know the wonderful natural environment along the emerald River Soča. Discover a world of underground bunkers, firing trenches, military cemeteries, charnel houses and outdoor museums. Owing to its mission and its homage to peace, the Walk of Peace from the Alps to the Adriatic – Heritage of the First World War is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.
Fužinske planine Plateau at Bohinj
The Fužinske planine Plateau, which is part of the protected Triglav National Park, rises above the villages of Studor and Stara Fužina in Bohinj. Although it was named after the ancient iron extraction works (ironworks—fužina) in this area, it played a key role in another important activity of locals—Alpine dairy farming. Mountain meadows at the altitude of about 1,000 m were great pastures for livestock in the summer. The idyllic shepherds’ huts are also one of the charms of the pastoral mountains. There are also small cheese dairies here, which are home to the most recognisable tastes of the cheeses of Bohinj, including a special cheese—Mohant. After the grazing season in the mountains, livestock is brought back to the valley and that is the time to be merry. You can experience that at the traditional Cows' Ball in the middle of September and at the same time, taste the genuine flavours of the cheeses of Bohinj along with wine at the Cheese and Wine Festival.
People used to think of Karst as a barren stone-covered region which is unpleasant to live in and where strong bora blows. The name “Karst” comes from the Indo-European word for a stone. Today, Karst looks very different, covered in forests, attractive settlements and vineyards. An even more interesting story of Karst is hidden below the surface. The subterranean world of Karst is crisscrossed with wonderful karst caves where subterranean rivers have created magnificent natural sculptures. Thanks to explorers who learned about the karst phenomena in Slovenia, the Slovenian name Kras (Karst) has spread worldwide. A good word is also spread about the Karst delicacies which are a fruit of the fertile karst land, bora and hard-working locals.