Idrija and its mercury heritage
Idria and the Spanish town of Almaden are the keepers of the globally important mercury mining heritage. Anthony’s Underground Mining Tunnel, dating from 1500, is known as one of the oldest mine entrances in all of Europe. It is open for tours during which you can learn about old mining methods. What is more, there is also a mine dwarf waiting to surprise you. Numerous attractions in Idrija are connected with the mining heritage and the life of the former mining families: from the surprising technical heritage maintained by the museum at Gewerkenegg Castle to the tradition of original lace making.
Slovenian mines for tourist visits
In addition to the mine in Idrija, incredible visits to the subterranean world are also offered by the town of Velenje and its Coal Mining Museum, which you can reach by going down in a mining lift dating from 1888, and Mežica , where you can even bike or kayak through the tunnels of the old lead mine.
The Ljubljana pile-dwellers and the oldest wheel in the world
Slovenia is one of the countries safekeeping the protected world heritage of the prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps. Nine pile dwellings were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, and the most important findings is a 5200-year-old wheel, which is considered to be the oldest wooden wheel with an axle in the world! Findings related to the pile-dwelling culture are on display in various museums, and the Ljubljana Marshes is a landscape park, where you can explore the natural features of the marshy area near Ljubljana.
About 100 species of birds nest in the Ljubljana Marshes. They also include numerous endangered and rare species. Most of them can be observed at the Iški Morost reserve, where there is also an educational trail.
The oldest flute, needle, and wheel
In addition to the oldest wheel with an axle, the world’s oldest musical instrument – a flute from Divje Babe - and a needle, which was considered to be the oldest needle in the world until 2016, have also been found. These exceptional findings are housed in Slovenian museums.Explore
Other treasures of Slovenia to be included in the World Heritage
The three UNESCO world heritage items make Slovenia one of the richest guardians of the treasures of humanity in relation to its population. There are even more exceptional items from Slovenia on the Tentative List, on which items under consideration for World Heritage status are listed.
Franja Partisan Hospital
The Franja Partisan Hospital operated during World War II in a hidden gorge of a wild stream with difficult access. In its barracks, nearly 600 wounded soldiers were treated in a year and a half. This incredible symbol of humanity and unique example of the medical treatment of people under exceptional circumstances has been a worthy aspect of European heritage for a long time, and its entry into the UNESCO list is now pending. An arranged path through a picturesque gorge now takes visitors to the hospital, which has been fitted out for historical accuracy.
The architectural legacy of Jože Plečnik and his original approach to buildings and urban planning includes the most beautiful features of Ljubljana. This legacy is on the UNESCO Tentative List together with selected works that he designed in Prague. Plečnik’s unique architecture can be seen if you take a stroll through the capital of Slovenia. Discover Plečnik’s Ljubljana – from the marketplace to the library, from the Three Bridges to the church in the Ljubljana Marshes.