Exceptional Natural Beauties
To a large extent, the exceptional natural beauties are a gift, which, however, Slovenia is intentionally and systematically preserving and developing. Green is the prevailing colour due to the extensive forests and other green areas. Slovenia is the third most forest-covered country in Europe, since as much as 60 percent of its territory is covered with forests. Since there are only a few countries in the world that are so green, and since Slovenia wants to preserve its nature for future generations as well, the green tourism is being developed.
Over a third of the country's territory is protected within the European network of Natura 2000 protected areas, while other valuable areas have been proclaimed natural parks and reserves. You can experience direct contact with nature already on the very edges of cities.
The green, sustainable and responsible tourism in Slovenia includes all aspects of sustainable development, such as:
- European Destinations of Excellence (EDEN), which include the Valley of Soča River, the Solčava region, Kolpa River, and Idrija.
- EU Ecolabel (environmental daisy) – the first tourist company in Slovenia to carry this label for environment-friendly tourist accommodation was Terme Snovik.
- Ecological tourist farms - there are dozens of ecological tourist farms producing food in a natural and ecological manner.
- Blue flag – it is awarded to beaches and marinas that offer guests the very best while consistently respecting the environment.
- Green models – they are good practices in green behaviour and green services in tourism, which are assessed by the Slovenian Tourist Board.
Flora and Fauna
Although Slovenia comprises just 0.004% of the Earth’s surface, it is home to more than 1% of all living species, and more than 2% of land and freshwater species. The Slovenian forests are still home to edible wild mushrooms and a large population of bears. Fortunately, they usually avoid humans.
For contact with wild animals, you only need to go to the edges of the forests situated just outside the towns. There are plenty of roe deer in the forests, which are also inhabited by rare and endangered species, such as the wolves, the lynxes, the wildcats, the western capercaillies and the pheasants. These animals are protected. The ibexes, which can be seen in the mountains, are also protected.
Slovenia’s rivers, lakes and coastal waters are home to numerous fish species, while some clean rivers are still inhabited by freshwater crayfish which are, however, highly endangered.
Many bird species also nest in Slovenia, while its territory is also a stop for migratory birds. You can see most of the birds in different landscape parks.
Climate and Seasons
The weather in Slovenia is different in each of the four seasons. A harsh Alpine climate prevails in the mountain region, the coastal areas are marked by a sub-Mediterranean climate, and the north-east lowland part of the country has a continental climate. The average temperature is above 20°C in July, and around 0°C in January. Check the current weather, so that you can dress and equip yourself appropriately.