As a democratic country, Slovenia guarantees the right to freedom of religion. According to the latest population census, the highest number of Slovenians are Catholics. The specific data are as follows:

• 57.8% Catholics
• 2.4% Muslims
• 2.3% Orthodox
• 0.9% Protestant
• 3.5% people of faith who belong to no religion
• 10.1% atheists
Others (22.9%) did not wish to say.

Importance of Catholicism

Throughout history, the Catholic faith has had great importance for the development of the Slovenian nation, and it still has a major influence on society and public life. Meanwhile, the proportion of Slovenians who define themselves as Catholics is declining. Before the Second World War, for instance, Catholics supposedly accounted for 88%, and in 1991 around 72%.

In Slovenia there are many Catholics who do not go to church regularly. At the same time there are many families that are not Catholic, but they maintain the traditions and customs of Christian festivals. In Slovenia, Easter and Christmas are more than just Christian holidays, they are the main family holidays.

The majority of churches in Slovenia are Catholic, among the most important of which is the Basilica of Mary Our Help at Brezje.

Other faiths

The Orthodox Christians are primarily those people and their descendants who settled in Slovenia from Serbia during the period of the former Yugoslavia. The Muslims are primarily former immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina who made lives and families in Slovenia. The main feature of the Protestant community is that its members live mainly in the northeast of Slovenia.

Separation of church and state

Religions are separated from the state. Thus, for instance, there are no religious symbols in public institutions, and no religious instruction in schools.

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