Height above sea level
in the countryside
Average summer temperature:20 °C
Average winter temperature:-2,5 °C
Grad is a dispersed settlement with a nucleated centre in the valley of the stream of the same name. It lies in the middle of the western part of Goričko, extending in the east onto a ridge where it borders Radovci and Vidonci and, in the west, onto a ridge where it meets Dolnji Slaveči, Gornji Slaveči and Kuzma. Between these twoGrad is a dispersed settlement with a nucleated centre in the valley of the stream of the same name. It lies in the middle of the western part of Goričko, extending in the east onto a ridge where it borders Radovci and Vidonci and, in the west, onto a ridge where it meets Dolnji Slaveči, Gornji Slaveči and Kuzma. Between these two ridges is another steep ridge to the north, in the direction of Dolič. Access to the village is along the road from Bodonci and the road from Večeslavci, which reaches the southern boundary by the plague column of Beli Križ ("White Cross", 303 metres). The settlement lies at between 267 and 390 metres above sea level. The nucleated centre of the village is at 267 metres, while the highest part of the village is Popelšček, at 386 metres, where towards the north the terrain rises to 389 metres. The settlement, which has its nucleus in the alluvial valley of the Grad stream (Grački potok) and its tributaries, extends across the surrounding hills, which are for the most part of volcanic origin. The basaltic tuffs that occur here are the result of volcanic activity in the area around Bad Gleichenberg in Austria. The geological structure has resulted in a steep landscape with incised valleys in which, over the course of thousands of years, the water has created picturesque gorges which are at their most beautiful in winter. The gentler slopes and the bottoms of the valleys of larger and smaller streams are given over to intensive arable use or meadows. A number of large vineyards and orchards can be found in elevated and sunny positions. Mixed forest cover the central and western ridges. On the north side predominantly coniferous forest reaches far down into the valley, while on the south-west side a narrow belt of larch forest reaches all the way to the foot of the valley. The nucleus of the village consists of a central core called Pörga linked by a stone path to the castle building. This is the location of almost all the village infrastructure: the municipal building with the seat of the municipality, a post office, a cultural centre and local administrative office, a school and kindergarten, a church and presbytery, a health centre, a dental clinic, a bank, a branch of the Triglav insurance company, a pharmacy, a florist's, other shops, pubs, a mill and oil press, a sports field, and a fire station. Further on is the Grupa Eura garment factory (ex M-Club), while to the north is a stonecutting workshop. Finally, there is the cemetery. Adjacent to the castle access road is a group of houses known as Gornji (Upper) Grad which, together with the park, the castle building and the castle farm (which until 1972 housed the school), represent the historic centre of the village and, until relatively recently, its most important part. The old inn in Gornji Grad dates from 1754 but is no longer open. The third largest part of the village in terms of number of inhabitants consists of the hamlets lying on the projecting elevations and in the valleys surrounding the centre: Marof, Kaniža and Bajna on the eastern ridge next to the castle; Majcov Breg, Rajbarjev Breg, Šandorjev Breg, Balažinova Graba, Gjerkeševa Graba, Pekova Graba, Sabolova Graba, Tomaševa Graba, Rankova Graba and Gumilarjev Breg on the western ridge; and Bomecov Breg and Bežanova Graba in the north. The settlement is closely connected to the castle, which stands on a steep prominence surrounded by five hectares of parkland and gives the village its historical character.