Description and location Tolmin, the town that gave the name to the entire region, is the largest settlement in Zgornje Posočje (Upper Soča Valley) as well as the economic, cultural and administrative centre of the valley. Its streets and houses bask in sunlight on a terrace above the confluence of Soča and Tolminkarivers. It is positioned at the right distance from the steep mountainous valleys, so that inhabitants may enjoy mild winters, and from the sea and Gorica plateau, so that they may take pleasure in enjoyable summers. This section includes the area of valleys and mountain villages above Tolminka and Zadlaščica, and continues through the hinterland of Volče and Čiginj all the way to the state border on Kolovrat.
History The Tolminsko region has a historical reputation of being a rebellious land. Medieval documents testify to a long series of uprisings, culminating in the Tolmin peasant revolt of 1713. That particular insurgence spread from the Tolminska to Goriška region, Brda and further on to northern Istria. The uprising was mercilessly crushed by the imperial army and its eleven leaders were beheaded.
During the World War I, Tolmin served as a base for the victorious breach of the Soča Front. The history of the town and its wider area is picturesquely presented in the Tolmin museum.
Only a short walk from the town we can admire the untamed Tolmin gorges, the lowest entrance into the Triglav National Park, and a few kilometres away we can see Javorca, the most beautiful monument from the times when the First World War unleashed upon the Posočje region. It was entered into the list of European cultural heritage in 2006.
The tradition of alpine cattle ranches and with them the famous Tolmin cheese still survives in the surrounding mountain pastures.
Automobiles : You can get to the Tolmin area from the Štajerska region through Ljubljana, Idrija and Most na Soči, through the Gorenjska region over the Vršič Pass and through Bovec or through Škofja Loka via Sorica or Kladje. From the Primorska area there is access through Nova Gorica. (from Italy one can cross the border at Vrtojba). Railway : The train goes from Ljubljana through Jesenice and along the narrow Baška Grapa to Most na Soči. From there it is another 5km to Tolmin. There is also a car-train Bohinjska Bistrica - Podbrdo - Most na Soči. Bus : There is a bus route for Ljubljana - Bovec and for Tolmin - Nova Gorica