GREEN TOURISM - Climate Change Milestones

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NEWSThe European Eco-label
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Tourism and climate changeGreen models of green tourism
Climate change milestonesSustainable development framework
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Green tourism trends

CLIMATE CHANGE MILESTONES


Milestones in the area of climate change (and sustainable development of tourism) in the last six years

1. DJERBA, 2003
- The first International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism. The conference at Djerba focused on climate change and its impact on water sources, coastal destinations, islands and mountain areas. It defined a range of recommendations for organisations, governments and private agencies at all levels of operation.

2. DAVOS, October 2007 - The second International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism. The conference also drew attention to the urgent need for an immediate response to climate change on the part of the tourism sector.

3. LONDON, November 2007 - London Ministerial Meeting.

4. CARTAGENA DE INDIAS/COLOMBIA, November 2007 - UNWTO General Assembly. The London Conclusions and the Resolution from Colombia reflect the consensus achieved at forums to date, and send the following messages:
1. Climate change needs to be tackled without losing out on the other priorities (poverty) and the Millennium Development Goals;
2. Developing countries should not face discrimination;
3. Funding should be provided for countries that are most sensitive to climate change;
4. Tourism should not bear a disproportionately large burden;
5. Incentives for measures against climate change in tourism must be included within the existing framework of the United Nations.

5. BALI, December 2007 - United Nations Climate Summit. The message communicated by the climate summit: Tourism will contribute to the joint efforts related to climate change being conducted by the United Nations.

6. GöTEBORG, September 2009 - The Travel and Tourism in the Green Economy. Tourism can play the positive role of an interdepartmental coordinator to improve
the farming, industrial, energy and transport sectors.
Key points of emphasis from the symposium:
1. On the road from Agenda 21 to Copenhagen – the Davos Declaration and the campaign “Seal the Deal”;
2. Sustainable tourism and the activities of the travel chain in a global green economy;
3. Sustainable destinations in the market of green certification;
4. Networking and knowledge as well as ICT;
5. Pursuing NTO policies on the European and global levels.

7. COPENHAGEN, COP 15, December 2009


Institutions that formulate and direct policy in the area of green tourism – on the global level


The table below gives a brief overview of which institutions formulate and direct policy in the area of the environment and tourism.

Institution
Website
European Commission – EC, DG Enerprise, tourism http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/
UN World Tourism Organisation – UNWTO www.world-tourism.org
European Environment Agency – EEA http://destinet.ew.eea.europa.eu
European Travel Commission – ETC www.etc-corporate.org
World Tourism and Travel Committe – WTTC  http://wttc.org
United Nations Environment Programme – UNEP www.unep.org
World Economic Forum – WEFwww.weforum.org
Forum for the future www.forumforthefuture.org
International Tourism Partnership − ITP www.tourismpartnership.com
www.greenhotelier.org
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change − IPCC http://www.ipcc.ch
The International Ecotourism Society −  TIESwww.ecotourism.org
Partnership for Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria – GSTS www.sustainabletourismcriteria.org
Conservation International – CI www.celb.org
Tour Operators Initiative – TOI www.toinitiative.com
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation – UNESCOwww.unesco.org
International Hotel & Restaurant Association – IHRA www.ihra.com
World Wide Fund for Nature – WWF www.panda.org
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and development − OECD www.oecd.org
World Meteorological Organisation – WMO www.wmo.ch

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